In the writing section of IELTS, it is vitally important to use linking words and phrases as they create flow and logical continuity in the writing.  Moreover, (note the use of linking word!) 25% of the marks in an essay are allocated to coherence and cohesion (flow and layout).

Here are some linking words and phrases to show the result of what has been stated or has occurred:

Linking Words

  • As a consequence
  • Therefore
  • Thus
  • Consequently                                                                                                                                       
  • Hence
  • For this reason
  • Due to

Cause

  • Smoking causes cancer.
  • Cancer is caused by smoking.

Leads to

  • Poverty often leads to crime.
  • The new law led to a reduction in crime.

Because / Because of

  • We moved because the neighbours were too noisy. We moved because of the noisy neighbours.

Due to

  • We moved due to the increase in rent.

As / Since

  • He went home as he was feeling unwell.
  • He went home since he was feeling unwell.

As a result / Consequently

  • He often works later. As a result, he finds it difficult to meet new friends outside of work.
  • He often works late.  Consequently, he finds it difficult to meet new friends outside of work.

Thus is a conjunctive adverb that means ‘so’ or ‘in this way’.

Thus is virtually synonymous with ‘hence’ and ‘therefore’.

Thus is often used after a full stop or a semicolon:

  • I’m not sure about many things.  Thus, I squint my eyes to concentrate.
  • I’m not sure about many things; thus, I squint my eyes to concentrate.

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